States will be receiving $81 billion dedicated to safely reopening schools from the $1.9 trillion stimulus package, President Joe Biden announced during a summit on school reopening hosted by the Department of Education on Wednesday.

States will have access to these funds “immediately”, according to a Department of Education statement published ahead of the summit.

“I need states to move quickly to get these resources down to the school districts and put them work,” Biden said. “Help is here.”

In total, the American Rescue Plan provides $122 billion in relief for pre-K-12 schools to “to reopen safely and address the academic, social, emotional, and mental health needs of their students,” the Department of Education said.

The remaining $41 billion “will become available after states submit the plans they are developing and implementing” for safely reopening schools, the statement said.

California, the most populous state, is set to receive $10 billion of the $15 billion in ARP education funds on Wednesday that has been allocated for the state.

During his campaign, Biden promised to reopen the majority of K-8 schools during his first 100 days in office. But ultimately the decision to reopen schools for in-person learning falls to state and local government officials

In total, the American Rescue Plan provides $122 billion in relief for pre-K-12 school to reopen for in-person learning

As of Wednesday, some 47% of schools serving fourth-graders and 46% of schools serving eighth-graders across the country offer daily in-person learning, according to a report published by the National Center for Education Statistics.

The Biden administration is attempting to pave the way for schools to reopen safely by distributing federal funds that could be used to upgrade classrooms to promote social distancing, among other health measures.

In communities where case levels are high, the CDC advises that high school and middle school students maintain at least six feet of distance

The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recently released updated guidance that calls for students in classrooms where everyone is wearing a mask to sit at least three-feet apart. The CDC had previously advised six feet of space between students.

In communities where case levels are high, the CDC advises that high school and middle school students maintain at least six feet of distance, CDC Director Dr. Rochelle Walensky said Wednesday during the summit. Elementary school students can continue to maintain at least three feet of distance regardless of transmission levels, she added.

The new guidelines could also help Biden achieve his goal if more students are allowed in classrooms. It might also give a financial lift to some parents of children who have been learning remotely, according to CDC data and the view of some experts. 

However, Randi Weingarten, president of the American Federation of Teachers, the nation’s second-largest teachers union, is “not convinced that the evidence supports changing physical distancing requirements at this time,” she said in a letter to Secretary of Education Miguel Cardona.

“Our concern is that the cited studies do not identify the baseline mitigation strategies needed to support 3 feet of physical distancing,” she said. “Moreover, they were not conducted in our nation’s highest-density and least-resourced schools, which have poor ventilation, crowding and other structural challenges.”

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