Listed companies that have undertaken slump sales and declared their results will have to recalculate the tax paid or the amount they have provisioned for such transactions, requiring the firms to restate earnings.

The new slump sale rules have a precise methodology that a company is required to use while calculating the valuation of the slump sale transaction.

In most cases, this would mean that companies would see the transaction value go up, along with the tax liability.

In a slump sale, companies, entities or assets are sold lock, stock and barrel.

In many situations listed entities have even bought such entities.

In some cases, internal restructuring and inter-group transactions too are being done through this method.

“Listed companies that have undertaken slump sales and declared their results will have to take a fresh view on the tax amount provided for such transactions. This is mainly after the new rules that make earlier adjustments redundant and could increase the liability of companies. Many companies that have undertaken slump sale—selling assets, companies or entities lock stock and barrel—are set to see their tax liability jump up substantially following the recent rules,” said Amrish Shah, Partner at Deloitte India.

While unlisted companies that have undertaken slump sales, will see their tax outgo change due to the recent rules, in most cases only listed companies declare yearly results by May end.

While the new rule provides clarity on fair market value computation on slump sale/exchange of undertaking, the taxpayers may have to carefully assess its impact while evaluating for business reorganisation.

“More particularly in intra-group transactions under alternative modes like demerger, itemised sale or gift of undertaking,” said Pranav Sayta, Partner and National Leader – International Tax and Transaction Services, EY India.

Industry experts say that the new rules make earlier adjustments redundant and could increase the liability of companies.

People in the know said that in most cases the tax department is set to scrutinise all the slump sales that would have happened in the last few years.

The tax department could question the valuations and demand higher tax.

Companies that have undertaken slump sales but refuse to revise the taxation amounts could even get notices, say tax experts.

“The new rule requires valuation to be made on the date of slump sale. This can possibly pose a challenge where there is time interregnum between business transfer agreement entered between the parties and final closing of the transaction. It may also pose challenges where part or whole of the consideration is deferred and becomes payable at a future date,” said Sayta, one of India’s top transaction tax consultants.

The new rules define how a “fair market value” of an asset or company is to be arrived at.

The rules announced recently mention ways in which a seller can sell the assets or companies. The rules prescribe that if a company owns various assets such as shares, land, gold or paintings; those can be valued individually and then sold.

The income tax act defines slump sale as any transfer of one or more undertakings as a result of the sale for a lump sum consideration without values being assigned to the individual assets and liabilities in such sales, ET wrote on May 26.

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